Calico originated in Kozhikode (also known as Calicut, from which the name of the textile came) in southwestern India during the 11th century.The cloth was known as "cliyan" to the natives. It was mentioned in Indian literature by the 12th century when the writer Hmacandra described calico fabric prints with a lotus design. By the 15th century calico from Gujrt made its appearance in Egypt. Trade with Europe followed from the 17th century onwards.Calico was woven using Srat cotton for both the warp and weft.